Ushbulak-1: new Initial Upper Palaeolithic evidence from Central Asia

Mikhail Shunkov, Anton Anoikin, Zhaken Taimagambetov, Konstantin Pavlenok, Vladimir Kharevich, Maxim Kozlikin & Galina Pavlenok

Abstract

Abstract image

In world archaeology, there has always been a problem regarding the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition. Late twentieth-century research has attempted to address this issue through the recognition of Initial Upper Palaeolithic (IUP) lithic industries. These assemblages were first characterised through evidence from the sites of Boker Tachtit and Ksar Akil (the Levant), and they are now identified in many regions of Eurasia, including Central Asia, the Near East, the Altai Mountains, Transbaikalia, Mongolia and northern China. A characteristic IUP assemblage has also been recently found in Kazakhstan (Ushbulak-1) (Shunkov et al. 2016). Large blades and elongated pointed flakes dominate these assemblages, and there is a prevalence of Upper Palaeolithic tool types in tool sets.


Authors

  • Mikhail Shunkov
    Institute of Archaeology & Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 17 Akademika Lavrentieva, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia; Altai State University, 61 Lenina, Barnaul 656049, Russia; Novosibirsk State University, 1 Pirogova...
  • Anton Anoikin
    Institute of Archaeology & Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 17 Akademika Lavrentieva, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia; Altai State University, 61 Lenina, Barnaul 656049, Russia; Novosibirsk State University, 1 Pirogova,
  • Zhaken Taimagambetov
    National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 54 Independence Avenue, Astana 010000, Kazakhstan
  • Konstantin Pavlenok
    Institute of Archaeology & Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 17 Akademika Lavrentieva, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia; Altai State University, 61 Lenina, Barnaul 656049, Russia; Novosibirsk State University, 1 Pirogova,
  • Vladimir Kharevich
    Institute of Archaeology & Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 17 Akademika Lavrentieva, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia; Altai State University, 61 Lenina, Barnaul 656049, Russia
  • Maxim Kozlikin
    Institute of Archaeology & Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 17 Akademika Lavrentieva, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia; Altai State University, 61 Lenina, Barnaul 656049, Russia
  • Galina Pavlenok
    Institute of Archaeology & Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 17 Akademika Lavrentieva, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia; Altai State University, 61 Lenina, Barnaul 656049, Russia
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